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 SENTENCE TRANSFORM 2

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Join date : 15/02/2012

Bài gửiTiêu đề: SENTENCE TRANSFORM 2   Sun Jun 17, 2012 2:34 pm

Number 14
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
2. The people of Cambodia wish that so many land mines hadn't been laid in their country, as many people have lost limbs by stepping on them.
A. The Cambodian people ought not to have planted so many land mines in their country because they have caused many people to lose their legs when they have exploded.
B. The people of Cambodia want fewer land mines placed in their country as many people are becoming limbless by treading on them.
C. Cambodians feel that it was a really bad thing to have had so many land mines placed in their country because such a large number of people have had limbs blown off by them.
D. Had there been fewer land mines scattered around Cambodia, fewer people would have had their limbs blown off by them.
3. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly unlikely.
4. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and the stories behind them.

5. You can never be sure about the accuracy of TV weather reports.
A. If you want to know how the weather is going to be, you should watch TV.
B. There are more accurate ways of learning how the weather will be than watching TV.
C. If I were you, I would rely on the TV weather report.
D. Weather forecasts on television are notoriously unreliable.
6. If Dick had John's position in the company, everybody believes he would be able to motivate the workers better.
A. Everybody who works in this company thinks that John motivates the workers well, so that is why he has a better job here than Dick.
B. If Dick were able to motivate the workers better, he would be given John's present job in the company.
C. It is believed that John is not as good at encouraging the company's workers as Dick would be if he had the same job.
D. Everybody in the company thinks that the workers were motivated far better when Dick was doing John's present job.
7. The opinions of the teaching staff were divided as to whether they should change the course book or follow the old one.
A. Some members of the teaching staff were in favour of following a new course book, while others thought they should continue with the old one.
B. there were different opinions among the teaching staff about the new course book, and in the end, those who were against choosing a new one won.
C. The teaching staff could not agree upon a new corse book, so they decided to continue with the old one.
D. There was no general agreement among the teaching staff about which they should choose as their new course book.
8. It was very important for Jill to go home to see her sister's new baby girl, whatever the cost of the ticket.
A. Even though Jill wanted very much to fly home and meet her sister's baby girl, the fare was too much for her.
B. Jill didn't care about the cost of the ticket, since the only thing she wanted was to get home to meet her sister's new-born daughter.
C. Because Jill doesn't have a lot of money, flying home to meet her sister's new daughter was less important to her than the cost of the ticket.
D. Knowing how important it was for Jill to meet her new niece, Jill's sister took care of the cost of the ticket so that she could fly home and do so.
9. Communicating with locals in a foreign country is a bit like becoming a mime since you must often rely on hand gestures.
A. In foreign countries, you will often see local mimes who communicate solely by using thier hands so that everyone can understand what they are trying to say.
B. Locals in a foreign country who don't know another language often communicate with tourists by miming.
C. You often feel like a mime when you are trying to speak to someone in a foreign country because of frequently having to use your hands to convey what you are trying to say.
D. When miming, it is important to remember to use your hands, especially when you are speaking to locals in a foreign country.
10. Coral reefs create underwater habitats that are essential for many species of marine organisms, and there are also some fish who use them as a refuge from predators.
A. Many fish tend to stay in coral reefs because there they are both safe from predators and supplied with a rich food source.
B. Coral reefs are very important for many kinds of marine life forms because they provide a place to live as well as a place for some fish to hide from their enemies.
C. Coral reefs provide a place to live for many types of sea creatures, includeing predators who use them as a place to rest.
D. Coral reefs are becoming scarce and this creates an important problem for the many marine animals which use them as a place to live as well as a place of protection.
Number 15
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. It is her sense of humour and the supportive friends surrounding her that make it possible for her to endure these difficult times.
A. She believes that if you have a sense of humour and friendly people surrounding and supporting you, you can always make it through hard times.
B. Difficult times are hard to endure when you don't have a sense of humour or friends around you who can support you, as far as she concerned.
C. With a sense of humour and supportive friends around her, she could have endured these difficult times a lot better.
D. Without the support of the friends around her and her sense of humour, she wouldn't be able to make it through these hard times.
2. There was no occasion on which their son called them and didn't request money.
A. Whenever their son phoned them, he asked for money.
B. Their son rang them many times to ask for money.
C. Occasionally their son needed money and so contacted them by telephone.
D. Their son's requests for money were always made by phone.
3. That film can't have been the one that Susan was telling us about, since the story was far too simple and it wasn't in French.
A. Susan was talking about a film that sounded far too simplistic and wasn't even French; she must have meant this one.
B. Susan told us about a movie in French with a complicated storyline; the one we went to see must have been a different one.
C. The film we watched may not have been the one Susan said; it was in French, but the story didn't seem very complex.
D. That movie couldn't have been French; the story was very easy to understand, like the one Susan was telling us about.
4. A new shopping mall has just opened in our neighbourhood, so the traffic is certain to get worse.
A. Because of the new shopping centre in our locality, traffic will definitely become more congested.
B. Although we needed somewhere to shop in the neighbourhood, the increase in traffic is certainly a disadvantage.
C. There is a lot of opposition to the new shopping mall because of the traffic problems it will cause.
D. An increase in traffic is a small price to pay for the convenience of a new shopping mall in our neighbourhood.
5. I don't think much of her new song, but I suppose it could have been worse.
A. When I think about her new song, I always wonder how it could have been improved.
B. Even if her new song were better, I still don't suppose I would like it much.
C. I wish her new song was better; then I would listen to it more enthusiastically.
D. While I do not particularly like her latest song, I felt it was not as bad as it could have been.
6. My father says that you should treat people how you wish to be treated yourself.
A. If you had listened to my father, you would always treat others with the consideration you expect from them towards yourself.
B. My father always instructs me to consider how people wants to be treated and behave accordingly.
C. I have always behaved towards people as I wish to be treated myself, because this is what my father taught me.
D. It's my father's belief that you ought to behave towards other people the way you want them to behave towards you.
7. The committee rejected his application for a fund for his project on the grounds that his research wouldn't benefit people much.
A. Stating that his research would be of little use to people, the committee refused to provide him with a fund.
B. The committee considered his project totally useless, particularly because the majority of people wouldn't profit from his research.
C. As his research wouldn't help people in a practical way, it was not surprising that the committee declined his application.
D. The committee was not very interested in his project because they believed his research had no scientific value.
8. The museum is visited mainly by those who are interested in the Impressionist painters.
A. The museum, which displays mainly Impressionist art, attracts visitors with a serious interest in art.
B. Most of the visitors to the museum have an interest in artists from the era of Impressionism.
C. The museum, which attracts large numbers of visitors, has a particularly interesting display of Impressionist paintings.
D. The museum, which displays only Impressionist paintings, receives lots of visitors.
9. The police know who they are looking for, but he seems to have disappeared.
A. Although the police have identified their suspect, he is still at large and they cannot find him.
B. Since the police know who they are looking for, it is only a matter of finding him.
C. The police have no clues as to the whereabouts or the identity of the suspect.
D. If only the police knew who were they looking for, they would be able to find him.
10. If he hadn't left the tap open while the water was cut off, we wouldn't have come home to a flooded apartment.
A. If we hadn't come home in time, the whole flat would have been covered in water, as he had left the tap open when the water was off.
B. Our flat was flooded when we arrived, even though he had remembered to close the tap while the water was cut off.
C. If he had remembered to turn off the tap, the whole building wouldn't have been flooded.
D. Because he didn't turn the tap off while the water was off, we came home to find our flat covered in water.
Number 16
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. Some countries require tourists to receive certain vaccinations before entry, while others do not.
A. Vaccinations are given to tourists at the border by some countries, but not by all.
B. Tourists need not be vaccinated to enter certain countries, but other nations may demand this.
C. Many countries vaccinate tourists after they have entered, whereas many others don't.
D. While many tourists get vaccinated upon entry to some countries, many others do not.
2. Though I had known about it well in advance, I pretended to be surprised at having a birthday party.
A. I acted surprised about being given a birthday party, but I had known about it a long time before.
B. Despite only pretending to be surprised at the birthday party, I had actually been completely unaware of it.
C. I was quite surprised at their throwing me a birthday party, though I could have found out about it well before.
D. I knew about the birthday party a long time before, yet I wasn't pretending when I acted surprised.
3. Despite not being widely known in her own time, Jane Austen had a small band of dedicated followers.
A. Even during her own lifetime, Jane Austen had gathered a sizeable band of devoted admirers.
B. Until after her death, not many people who read Jane Austen's work liked it.
C. A small devoted group admired Jane Austen's work, in spite of her obscurity during her lifetime.
D. Despite the quality of her work, Jane Austen didn't become popular with readers until after her death.
4. It's nearly impossible to voice your opinion on this matter without offending someone.
A. Whether you state them or not, your feelings on this subject are probably upsetting.
B. There's no way that anyone can possibly be upset by your simply saying what you think.
C. Though not everyone will be pleased with what you say, you should say what you think.
D. You will most likely make someone upset if you say what you think about this issue.
5. There are few truly natural places left in the world, and most of them are practically inaccessible.
A. There's no way to get to most of the world's nature spots, and so, they remain almost intact.
B. It's true that the number of official nature areas is declining, but you can visit them with some effort.
C. It's hardly possible to gain access to most of the few remaining genuinely natural places on this planet.
D. It isn't very practical to try to go to natural places any more as there are simply too few left.
6. I was hardly upset that she did not want to see me again since the feeling was entirely mutual.
A. Having once loved her, I found it hard to tell her that I no longer wished her to be part of my life.
B. I was glad when she broke off our relationship, as I was thinking of doing the same but finding it hard to tell her.
C. It was hard on me when she said she never wanted to see me again, in spite of our mutual affection.
D. As I didn't want to see her any more than she wanted to see me, I didn't mind much when she told me so.
7. I have visited almost all of the countries in Europe, and Portugal is my favourite.
A. Portugal is the country that I have always wanted to see most in Europe.
B. Having visited practically every country in Europe, I find that Portugal is the one I enjoy most.
C. I feel that Portugal is the most interesting country in Europe.
D. I have visited many countries, but I have enjoyed few as much as the European country of Portugal.
8. Any cough that persists for more than a week should be looked at by a doctor.
A. Some coughs may continue for weeks, whether or not a doctor is seen.
B. If you have a weak cough, you probably don't really need to visit a doctor.
C. You ought to see a doctor if you have a cough that doesn't stop within a week.
D. You don't have to go to a doctor if you think your cough will stop within the week.
9. The only criticism I can put forward about the film is that it could have been a little shorter.
A. The film is great, although some people find it a little too long.
B. Apart from the fact that it was a little too long, I can't say anything bad about the film.
C. I'm sure the film will receive a lot criticism because of how long it lasts.
D. Even though it was such a long film, I don't think it really deserves any criticism.
10. Had it not been for the timely intervention of a helpful passer-by, he would have been robbed of all his money.
A. A helpful passer-by intervented just when a thief was trying to rob him of all his money, but he failed to stop him.
B. Had it not been for someone who got in the way while trying to be helpful, he would have recovered his money.
C. All his money was stolen by a passer-by, who pretended to be helping him.
D. He was saved from having all his money stolen when a person who happened to be going by intervened just in time.
Number 17
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. The part of the day when one person works most effectively may not be the same for another.
A. The time of the day which is best for working varies from individual to individual.
B. People who do their best work in the morning also tend to do well at other times.
C. You may be able to work efficiently at any time of day, but not everybody is so.
D. It is important to discover at what time of day you can work most effectively.
2. This is the first time our daughter has been away from us for such a long time.
A. Our daughter never stays away from us for a long time.
B. We have never let out daughter stay away from us for so long before.
C. Our daughter has never been away from us for so long before.
D. For the first time in years, our daughter will be living away from us.
3. Although my uncle took every possible precaution about his health, he failed to prevent his early death.
A. My uncle was not healthy at all although he took great care of himself until he died.
B. My uncle was extremely careful to live a healthy life style, yet he died at rather a young age.
C. My uncle was afraid of dying at a young age, so he looked after himself really well all his life.
D. It was his failures in life that caused my uncle to die at a very young age.
4. When she arrived in New York fresh from college and a trip abroad, she was broke but excited.
A. Her trip abroad cost a lot of money and now she is broke, but she is thrilled to be finally in New York after graduating from college.
B. When she moved to New York, she didn't have any money left because she had spent it all on tuition and a holiday abroad.
C. After she graduated from college in New York, she was excited about taking a trip overseas, but she was running out of money.
D. She didn't have any money, but she was full of enthusiasm at the time she came to New York, having just completed college and a holiday overseas.
5. I handed in the documents to the manager two days ago, but he still hasn't signed them.
A. The papers still lack the manager's signature although it's two days since I gave them to him.
B. I hand in the documents to the manager in time, but he usually takes two days to put his signature on them.
C. I have been waiting for two dyas for the manager to sign my papers.
D. Two days ago, I took some documents to the manager, but he just didn't sign them.
6. Being just on the point of closing the shop, the shop assistant was not happy with the arrival of a late customer.
A. The assistant closed the shop very late because a customer teurned up at the last moment and he had to deal with her.
B. Although the shop assistant wasn't pleased to have a customer as he was closing the shop, he gave his service away.
C. The shop assistant was hurrying to close the shop, but just then, a customer arrived.
D. The shop assistant didn't like it when a customer arrived just as he was closing the shop.
7. It was while he was working on a voluntary project in the Far East that he got married to a woman on the same project.
A. He met his future wife in the Far East, where she was employed in a voluntary project.
B. When he got married, he was working in the Far East on a voluntary project.
C. Just after they got married, they volunteered to do some work in the Far East.
D. He married a colleague from his team during his voluntary work in the Far East.
8. An urgent call on my mobile made me leave the stadium before the match finished.
A. Just as the match was about to finish, I received an urgent call on my mobile.
B. I received an urgent call on my mobile while I was coming out of the stadium.
C. I was at the stadium watching a match when I received an urgetn call on my mobile.
D. Due to an urgetn call, I had to leave the stadium when the match was still going on.
9. My son hardly studied for his exams, so we were already expecting these poor results.
A. My son's exams were so hard that, as we were expecting, he did very badly in them.
B. We knew that our son studied very little for his exams, but we were still disappointed with his results.
C. Because my son studied very little for his exams, it wasn't surprising for us that he got bad results.
D. My son found his exams quite hard, so, not surprisingly, he got very poor results.
10. As far as I know, they're still working on a solution to their financial problems.
A. As far as I'm concerned, they are about to find a solution to their monetary problems.
B. From what I know, they haven't yet found a way to solve their monetary difficulties.
C. I know that they have no idea about how they can get over their financial problems.
D. It seems to me that they are still far from finding a solution to their financial difficulties.
Number 18
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. no sooner had we signed the contract than we began to feel it was a mistake.
A. Immediately after we'd done it, we started to think that we shouldn't have signed the contract.
B. It quickly turned out that we'd made a mistake by signing the contract.
C. It didn't take us long to become aware of the mistake in the contract.
D. We discovered a mistake in the contract as soon as we'd signed it.
2. The fire fighters didn't arrived at the blazing house in time to save it from burning down.
A. When the fire fighters arrived at the blazing house, the fire was burning fiercely.
B. The fire fighters didn't think that it was such a big fire, so they were slow arriving there.
C. When the fire fighters arrived, the flames were so big that it took them a long time to put the fire out.
D. The fire consumed the house completely, because the fire fighters were not quick enough in arriving there.
3. It's only with his last novel that he's attained any notice in the literary world.
A. Until the publication of his last book, he hadn't been acknowledged in the literary world.
B. His most recent novel is also his most successful so far and has nade him a very well-known author.
C. His latest book is so outstanding that it has even impressed the literary world.
D. Only his latest novel has achieved the honour of being praised by all the literary world.
4. This is my sister's first year in the profession of public relations.
A. This year, my sister has developed an interest in the field of public relations.
B. This year, my sister is training to become a professional in public relations.
C. My sister has started to work in the area of public relations just this year.
D. Since last year, my sister has been training to work in public relations.
5. Not having realized that Frances, cycling behind, had lost track of him, Peter continued travelling without stopping at the corner.
A. Peter waited until Frances appeared around the corner cycling, and then continued travelling.
B. As he was under the impression that Frances was following him on her bike, Peter did not stop to wait at the corner.
C. Peter wouldn't have stopped at the corner if he'd realized that Frances was following him at a close distance behind.
D. Peter forgot what he'd arranged with Frances, and cycled past the corner without checking whether she was following or not.
6. It was nearly dark when our bus finally arrived, after what seemed like an endless journey.
A. It was a long, dark journey through the night, which made us quite impatient.
B. Though the bus trip took a long time, since we arrived before dark, it did not seem that long.
C. Our bus trip seemed to take forever, but finally ended at dusk.
D. Though it was not far, the darkness made the trip seem much longer than it actually was.
7. The moment Marie felt the need for a change in her life, the first thing she did was quit her job.
A. As soon as Marie realized that she needed to change her life, she gave up her job first thing.
B. Since Marie was not at all happy with her job, she was sure that anything else would make her happier.
C. Now that she has lost her job, the first thing Marie should do is to make a radical change in her life.
D. Marie resigned from her position because she felt it demanded a change in her lifestyle.
8. Workers are expected to dress appropriately, as described in the company rules, while on the premises.
A. Employees need to wear their official uniforms only when in company-owned buildings.
B. When at the workplace, employees must wear clothing accordance with company regulations.
C. It is preferred that workers wear their best clothes when they visit the office.
D. It is better if workers put on their uniforms before they get to work, as this is more appropriate.
9. I write to my friends overseas on a regular basis so that we don't lose touch.
A. It is important for me to send letters to my friends abroad to keep them up to date on events in my life.
B. I keep in touch with my friends in foreign countries by writing to them from time to time.
C. My friends struggle not to lose contact with me by writing very often.
D. In order to maintain contact with my friends abroad, I correspond with them regularly.
10. She may have made an apology, yet it was far from being a sincere one.
A. Although it's true she said she was sorry, she wasn't sincere at all.
B. She made by far the most sincere apology I've ever heard.
C. She could at least have apologized, even if sincerely, for what she did.
D. She sounded as if she was really sorry for what happened.

Number 19
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. There had been prior warning of the flood; nevertheless, it came as a shock to the people living in remote villages.
A. Even though the flood had been predicted, inhabitants of isolated villages were taken by surprise by it.
B. There had been warnings about the flood, so the people in isolated villages must not have been surprised by it.
C. The flood had been predicted, so even those people living in isolated villages were prepared for it.
D. The flood had been predicted, yet the people in isolated villages were struck brfore they received the warnings.
2. It isn't just that the level of education of this school is high, it's that it's also been consistent for years.
A. The level of education in this school, which is usually quite high, shows only slight variations from year to year.
B. The standard of education is not high in this school, but at least all the students are at the same level.
C. Not only are the standards of education good in this school, but it has maintained those standards over the years.
D. It isn't fair to deny that this school is successful, as it has had the same high standards for many years now.
3. In Japan, as in Turkey, it is unthinkable to enter a house wearing shoes.
A. The Japanese and the Turks are culturally very similar, an example of which is not wearing shoes inside.
B. Nobody even considers going into a home with shoes on in Japan, and this custom is the same in Turkey.
C. What the Turks appriciate about the Japanese is that, like them, they too don't like wearing shoes in the house.
D. Japan and Turkey are exactly the same, even to the point that shoes are not worn in the house.
4. Taking photographs inside the museum is strictly forbidden.
A. We were only able to take photos of the museum's exterior.
B. It's not advisable to try to bring a camera into the museum.
C. People are not allowed to photograph the interior of the museum.
D. No one has ever taken a photo inside the museum.
5. None of his classmates can complete with him as regerds his mathematical genius.
A. In mathematics, he is by far the best student in his class.
B. He si in competition with his classmates for the position of mathematical genius.
C. In competitions, he ususlly beats the others in his class when the subject is maths.
D. Nobody in his class considers him to be a genius at maths.
6. Of the people interviewed, all were in favour of the government proposal.
A. No one was interviewed unless they thought the government's proposal was advantageous.
B. They only interviewed people who were positive about the government's proposal.
C. Only the people who weren't interviewed were against the government's proposal.
D. Everyone who was interviewed thought that the government's proposal was a good idea.
7. As opposed to being beneficial, too much sleep can actually lower a person's performance.
A. Sleeping a little more than necessary can greatly improve one's health.
B. An excess of sleep may be worse for a person rather than better.
C. People who are very active feel the benefit of rest more than those who aren't.
D. If a person is really tired, it is better for him to sleep a little more than he really needs.
8. So far, thanks to the fine weather, the project has gone according to schedule.
A. There hasn't yet been any bad weather to cause a change in the project's schedule.
B. Unless the weather turns in our favour, trying to keep to the schedule is far from being realistic.
C. The plans could not have gone ahead so quickly if they hadn't been helped by good weather.
D. The project can only proceed as scheduled if the climate permits.
9. The accident wasn't her fault because her car was stationary at the time.
A. You can't blame her for not moving when the accident occurred.
B. She wasn't responsible for the accident since it took place after she'd stopped.
C. She was too slow at stopping the car in time to avoid the accident.
D. As her car wasn't moving when the accident happened, she wasn't to blame for it.
10. Quite apart from the fact that he is unattractive, Ben just doesn't have a very likeable personality.
A. It's just because he looks ugly that people don't like Ben.
B. Not only does Ben not like other poeple, he also looks ugly.
C. Besides not being very good-looking, Ben just isn't a nice person.
D. Although it's not a very pleasant thing to say, Ben just isn't nice at all.

Number 20
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. Ideally, the meal should be accompanied by wine, but it is by no means essential.
A. Without wine, the food can never be perfect.
B. To get the most out of the food, serve it with wine, though it is still good without it.
C. It is best to prepare the food using wine as this enhances the flavour.
D. One of the basic ingredients of the meal is wine, in one form or another.
2. Seeing that the bad weather had set in, we decided to find somewhere to spend the night.
A. Bad weather was approaching, so we started to look for a place to stay.
B. The bad weather prevented us from driving any further.
C. We chose to find a place for the night once the bad weather had really begun.
D. Because the climate was so severe, we were worried about what we'd do at night.
3. This supermarket sells products at prices suitable for people from all walks of life.
A. Those from the lower class, in particular, shop at this supermarket because of its reasonable prices.
B. The products sold at this supermarket are desired by people of all social classes.
C. Only those who can't afford the prices elsewhere prefer to shop at this supermarket.
D. Poeple from any social class can afford the prices at this supermarket.
4. Despite efforts being made to contain it, the forest fire continues to spread uncontrollably.
A. Although people tried to stop the forest fire initially, the blaze soon grew out of control.
B. The forest fire still shows no sign of slowing down, regardless of attempts to get it under control.
C. The fire is getting bigger so quickly that no one can possibly prevent it.
D. Owing to the failure of the firemen to arrest it early on, the forest fire went out of control.
5. I'm sure it was not by accident that she embarrassed him in the presence of others.
A. I feel no doubt that she deliberately caused him embarrassment in public.
B. Her embarrassment in front of us was because of something he did intentionally.
C. Everyone who was present knew that she'd embarrassed him on purpose.
D. He was certainly embarrassed by the mistake she made in front of everyone.
6. Far more devastating for the author than the loss of his house to fire was destruction of the sole copy of his latest novel.
A. In his latest book, the author tells of the pain he suffered when he lost his home in a devastating fire.
B. Even the destruction of his home in the fire was not as hard for the author to bear as the burning of the only manuscript of his new novel.
C. Even more difficult for the author than writing his only book was seeing it destroyed when his house burnt down.
D. The author was devastated to find his house burnt down with everything in it, among which was the only manuscript of his latest novel.

7. Scarcely had he returned from abroad, when he had to go on another extended business trip.
A. His business trip abroad was extended because people like him were scarce.
B. Business abroad was so good that he could scarcely finish everything on one trip.
C. As soon as he got back, business took him overseas again for a long time.
D. After returning from abroad, he had hardly any work to do until he went on another business trip.
8. She never eats cake except when she celebrates her birthday.
A. Until her birthday, she will never taste even a small piece of cake.
B. At last, on her last birthday, she tried a piece of her birthday cake.
C. Although she celebrates her birthday every year, she never eats any of her birthday cake.
D. The only occasion on which she eats cake is on her own birthday.
9. It wasn't the best film I've ever seen, but it was definitely above average.
A. I can only recall ever seeing one film better than that one.
B. The film was better than most, though I have seen better ones.
C. I've never seen such a good film in such an ordinary cinema.
D. I've seen a lot of dull films, but that one is worse than most.
10. If you happen to run into Mona, tell her to give me a ring.
A. Can you ask Mona to call me if by any chance you see her?
B. If you are meeting Mona today, ask her to get in touch with me.
C. Could you tell Mona, if you see her, that I want my ring back?
D. If you see Mona while you're out running, tell her I want to talk to her.

Number 21
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. The way a person decorates his house usually reflects something of his personality.
A. You can get some clues about a person's personality by looking at how he's decorated his house.
B. It's the personal belongings someone has used to decorate his house that give us some idea about his personality.
C. Nothing reveals more about one's personality than the way one's house has been decorated.
D. People like to decorate their houses differently because, in this way, they can reveal their individual tastes.
2. British novelist Ian Fleming is the man who created James Bond, the best-known hero of spy fiction in the late 20th century.
A. Ian Fleming was a famous British spy late in the 20th century who created and wrote about a fictional character by the name of James Bomd.
B. Ian Fleming is considered a British hero for his creation of James Bond, a fictional spy whom who wrote of in the late 20th century.
C. James Bond, the most well-known fictional spy character of the late 1900s, is the creation of the British author Ian Fleming.
D. Ian Fleming wrote extensively about the British spy James Bond in the late 1900s, but most of what he wrote was fiction.
3. The test is designed so that the questions get progressively harder.
A. The test has been set up to be more difficult in order to test with precision the progress of those taking it.
B. The format of the exam is such that it starts with easier questions and continues by gradually increasing in difficulty.
C. Though the exam may seem very challenging at first glance, if you've made progress, you can do it well.
D. This test has been formatted in such a way that only the most progressive students can do it.
4. His turning sown the offer from the computer company surprised us all.
A. We were amazed when the computer firm rejected his offer.
B. No one anticipated that he wouldn't get an offer from the computer company.
C. When he was turned down by the computer company, we were all shocked
D. None of us had expected him to reject the job offered by the computer firm.
5. The only thing I really need at this very moment is to be on my own for a while.
A. At the moment, nothing would help me feel better than spending some time by myself.
B. I'd really rather be by myself at the moment than be among such a big crowd.
C. While I know I need to be alone at the moment, I don't think it seems possible.
D. I'm not feeling very well at the moment, and I think it's because I've been on my own for so long.
6. The present situation in the country calls for a change in government policy.
A. The government is adapting its approach to suit the national demand.
B. Many people phone members of the government regarding the country's present situation.
C. There is a new government law which is likely to be met with discontent by the nation.
D. The government's approach needs to be altered because of the country's current circumstances.
7. Had the heating been turned down sooner, the office wouldn't be so incredibly hot now.
A. It was difficult to believe that the office could be so warm without any central heating.
B. As the temperature of the heating system wasn't lowered in time, the office is now extremely hot.
C. Because it was surprisingly hot, the heating was quickly turned down in the office.
D. We only began to feel warm in the office after the new heating system was installed.
8. Out of sheer mishcievousness, the child left the water running and flooded the whole house.
A. The naughty child forgot to turn off the tap, with the result that the entire house was flooded.
B. The naughty child played for so long in the running water that the whole house ended up being flooded.
C. It was purely due to the child's naughtiness that he caused the flooding of the entire house by not turning off the tap.
D. It was the child's naughtiness that made him turm on all the taps in the house to see if the water would flood it.
9. Parents can't ecpect to raise their children without making any sacrifices for them.
A. Bringing up children is not always a painless experience for parents.
B. Parents have to be prepared to give up some things for their chidren while bringing them up.
C. Raising a child is probably the most self-sacrificing thing a person can do.
D. Children expect their parents to make an awful lot of sacrifices for them.
10. No sooner had he recovered from the effects of the car accident than he had a heart attack.
A. He would have recovered from the effects of the accident sooner if he hadn't had a heart attack in the meantime.
B. Soon after the car accident, he had a heart attack, making it more difficult for him to recover from its effects.
C. He had an accident because of the heart attack that struck him while he was driving.
D. He'd hardly got over the effects of the car accident when he was struck by a heart attack.
Number 22
Choose the sentence of the same meaning.

1. An excessive consumption of sweets leads to obesity unless the energy obtained is used up.
A. Be sure to do some exercise to burn off the excess energy you'll get from eating sweets.
B. People get fat as a result of eating far too many sweets and doing nothing energetic at all.
C. If a person eats too many sweets but doesn't burn the energy thus given, he'll become obese.
D. Obesity comes about because far too much sugar is consumed to be able to use the extra energy.
2. The waitress had confused my order with the person at the next table's, so he received my chicken while I got his turkey.
A. The man at the table next to me got my chicken and I got his turkey because of the mix-up of our orders by the waitress.
B. The waitress was so confused when she was taking our orders that she ended up giving my chicken to the man at the next table, and his turkey to me.
C. There was great confusion when the waitress gave my chicken order to the person at the next table and his mixed chicken-turkey order to me.
D. The waitress appeared to be confused when I said that I had ordered chicken, while the man at the next table had ordered turkey.
3. The reason she wasn't responding to your questions is that her anger at you for what you said to her the other night atill hasn't waned.
A. What you said to her a few nights ago doesn't matter any more because she's no longer angry with you and will respond to any questions you ask her.
B. Your words to her the other night made her very angry, and for this reason she's not asking you any questions.
C. She remains angry with you for all those things you said to her a few nights ago, and that's why you weren't getting any replies to your questions.
D. She hasn't stopped being angry with you for your words to her a few nights ago, but there's no reason for you not to respond to her questions, about them.
4. He had bought me the CD a couple of months before, but he was waiting for my birthday to actually give it to me.
A. I think he gave me the CD on my birthday, but he had bought it for himself several months earlier.
B. I didn't receive the CD until it was my birthday, even though he'd purchased it for me a few months earlier.
C. He bought me the CD many months ago, yet he didn't give it to me until after my birthdays.
D. On my birthday, he gave me the CD which he had actually bought for himself a few months before.
5. A lot of people believe that other life forms exist elsewhere in the universe, but we'll probably have to wait for a long time until we know for sure.
A. Many people believe that it will take a long time for us to know for sure of other life forms exist somewhere else in the universe.
B. It is certain that other life forms exist somewhere in the universe, but it will be a long time before people can find and get into contact with them.
C. Many people have long believed that somewhere in the universe there certainly exist other life forms that are waiting for us to contact them.
D. It is most likely that it will be many years before humans know for certain if there are aliens somewhere in the universe, but many people already believe they do.
6. Trying to run a few errands just before she went to the airport caused her to be a little late in meeting her husband there.
A. It was due to her attempt to do some small tasks at the last moment that she arrived at the airport a few minutes late to pick her husband up.
B. She was running some errands when she suddenly realized that she had to go to the airport to meet her husband, and she arrived there a bit late.
C. She had to run a few errands after she had picked her husband up at the airport. And so they arrived home a little late.
D. She had run several errands a short time before she went to pick her husband up at the airport, yet she still managed to get there just on time.
7. It took us all night to drive from Kansas to Texas, and by the end of the journey, we were absolutely exhausted.
A. By the time we finally arrived in Kansas, we were completely exhausted because all night long we had driven through Texas.
B. It was a whole night's drive through Texas, so we were all very tired by the time we arrived at our destination in Kansas.
C. We were driving from Kansas to Texas the whole night long, and when we finally got there, we were extremely tired.
D. Driving from Kansas to Texas took us nearly one night, so we all felt exhausted when we eventually arrived there.
8. He agrees with me about the fact that our breaking up but staying friends is the best possible decision for us to make.
A. I think there is no better decision for us to make than to separate yet remain on friendly terms, and he thinks so as well.
B. He and I are of the same opinion that the best thing for us to do before breaking up is to speak with our friends.
C. We have decided to remain friends after we've broken up, but this does not seem very possible to me.
D. The only thing he agrees with me about is that we should stay friends now that we have separated.
9. Although she had been trying to quit smoking for several years, she wasn't successful until she used the hypnosis method.
A. She had smoked for several years and tried to give it up under hypnosis many times, but she never succeeded in doing so.
B. She has never managed to give up smoking, even though she has tried the normally successful hypnosis method.
C. Her giving up smoking using the hypnosis method over several years turned out to be very successful.
D. For many years, she attempted and failed to give up smoking, and it was only when she underwent hypnosis that she managed to do so.
10. Before he moved back to his hometown towards the end of 1980, my brother had been living abroad for about ten years.
A. In the late 1980s, after he had lived abroad for about ten years, my brother moved back to his hometown.
B. My brother lived abroad for nearly ten years until, at around the end of 1980, he returned to live in his hometown.
C. Towards the end of 1980, my brother left his hometown to live abroad for about ten years.
D. In the late 1980s, my brother decided to live abroad and left his hometown, but he came back after about ten years.


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