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 ĐỀ THI ĐỀ NGHỊ HSG QUỐC GIA

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: ĐỀ THI ĐỀ NGHỊ HSG QUỐC GIA    Fri Feb 17, 2012 2:14 pm

DE THI HSGQG
Nguoi soan: Pham Thi Hoa
Khoa NN&VH Anh-My, DHNN- DHQG, HN
I. LISTENING
Part 1 You are going to listen twice to three people- Gemma, Raoul and Frank- talking about their lifestyles. Listen carefully and answer the questions in the spaces provided.
0 has been done as an example. (1.5 points)
WHO:
0. is the woman talking? Gemma
1. works with food?
2. isn’t happy in their job?
3. spends a lot of time reading?
4. is careful about their health?
5. has a logical mind?
6. likes being in front of lots of people?
7. has two sons?
8. has free afternoons?
9. practises a lot?
10. has a very strict boss?

Part 2 Listen to the text about Bert Dunstan and decide if the statements below are True (T) or False (F). (0 has been done as an example). You are going to listen to the text twice. (1.5 points)
0. Bert won a lot of money on the National Lottery. _T_
1. He died two years after winning the lottery.
2. He spent some of the money on a new car.
3. He only gave his daughter £ 500.
4. Sally thinks that Bert ate himself to death.
5. The psychologist says that people find it very difficult when they have big changes in their lives.
6. One person left the country partly because of her relatives.
7. A husband and wife bought a winning lottery ticket together and then he left her.
8. Freddie McMahon went mad over a lottery ticket.
9. All lottery winners have problems with the publicity.
10. It‘s better to lose than to win a lottery ticket.

II. LEXICO - GRAMMAR
Part 1 Choose the best answer A, B, C or D to complete the following sentences. (1 point)
1. I walked away as calmly as I could……..they thought I was a thief.
A. in case B. or else C. to avoid D. owing to
2. I am afraid I’m rather………..about the existence of ghosts.
A. skeptical B. partial C. adaptable D. incapable
3. In an effort to increase his newspaper’s…………, the editor introduced a weekly competition.
A. propaganda B. distribution C. circulation D. dispersion
4. In August we always go to this wonderful little Greek village, miles from anywhere and really off the beaten………..
A. road B. track C. path D. lane
5. You must pay import………..on certain goods brought into this country.
A. fees B. surcharges C. supplements D. duties
6. ………..the invention of the steam engine, most forms of transport were horse – drawn.
A. Akin to B. Prior to C. in addition to D. With reference to
7. Companies have to consider the age of the population when they are…………new staff.
A. recruiting B. enlisting C. raising D. enrolling
8. Rows and silences are……….and parcel of any marriage.
A. package B. stamps C. part D. packet
9. Well, we did have a terrible row but we’ve……….it up now.
A. turned B. cleaned C. sorted D made
10. Unfortunately not all of us obtain our just ………….in this life.
A. demands B. gains C. deserts D. wins

Part 2 Use the correct form of the verbs in brackets to complete the passage. (1 point)
The big ship began to move slowly out of the port. On board (1.BE)….three thousand soldiers, on their way home from the battlefield. They already (2.SPEND)…….five uncomfortable weeks on the ship. Now, as the ship (3.PASS)……….some fishing boats at the port entrance, the soldiers on deck (4.WAVE)………to the fishermen. The fishermen (5.WAVE)…., (6.CALL)….....out “Good luck!” Suddenly there was a cry, (7.FOLLOW)……..by a splash. “Man overboard!”, someone on the ship shouted. A bell began to sound. A white lifebelt (8.THROW)………into the water. The ship sailed on, faster now. No doubt the man (9.PICK)……..up by the fishermen. In wartime, a big ship (10.CANNOT STOP)……….just for the sake of one man overboard.
Your answers:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6
7
8
9
10

Part 3 Use the correct form of the words given to complete the sentences (1 point)
1. This used to be a rural area, but it has become (industry)
2. Linda found it impossible to remain (difference) ……….to the plight of the refuses.
3. I would have enjoyed the play had it not been for the fact that the lead actor spoke in an almost (audio)……….voice. I could hardly hear him.
4. We feel that the law against begging should not be (force)……….....
5. It seems unjust to arrest a poor old person for (shop) ……….
6. Police arrested well-known (trouble)………..before the match.
7. The enquiry was set up after the (rail)……….of a train near Bath, the third accident on the line this year.
8. There’s the (use) …….railway line; there haven’t been any trains for many years.
9. Is it possible to (distinction) …………between a hobby and an interest?
10. Drug (use)..……..is a problem now causing great concern.
Your answers:

1.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Part 4 Fill each blank with a suitable preposition to complete the following passage (1.5 points)
More than ten years after she was ousted (1)…….Downing street, Lady Thatcher has been placed third (2)………a list of influential people, eclipsing Winston Churchill, the wartime prime minister, and Bill Clinton, the American President. Lady Thatcher was next (3)……….line, following Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa, (4)……….the backing of 28 percent. Her support was doubled that (5)………..Mr. Blair, who was fifth-equal (6)……… 14 per cent. Pope John Paul II came fourth (7)………the list, and just (Cool……….him was the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr George Carey, who tied (9)………..Mr. Blaire (10)……….fifth place. Other names mentioned (11) ………..the poll included Earl Spencer, the brother of the late Diana, Princess (12)………Wales, Anita Roddick, the founder (13)……..the Body Shop.
The poll was conducted (14)………….a representative sample of 999 people aged 15 or over (15)……...December 15th and 17th.
Your answers

1.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Part 5 Insert a(n), the or 0 ( zero article) to complete the following passage
(1 point)
Probably the most important piece (1)……..electrical equipment to become widely used in the last twenty years is (2)…….dishwasher. Washing up by hand is not only a time consuming task (it can take longer than eating (3)……..meal itself), but also (4)……….extremely boring one, particularly when you are on your own, and it also ruins your hands. Dishwashers come in (5)………range of different sizes and models to suit your purse, (6)………size of your family, and (7)……..layout of your kitchen. They can be stood on (Cool………floor or on (9)………worktop, or they can be mounted on (10)…….wall.
Your answers

1.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10



Part 6
There is a mistake in most lines of the text below. Underline the mistakes and write your corrections in the spaces provided. If a line is correct, put a tick (√) in the space instead. (1. 5 points)
Future generation should live longer, perhaps even to more than 150 years old, a leading expert on ageing will predict today in the start of Britain’s biggest annually science gathering.
Professor Crimley Evans, Headmaster of Oxford University’s division of gerontology, tells the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science what science and medicine have already found ways to increase medium lifespan. He is now confident that today’s work on genetic techniques promise to lengthen maximum lifespan, too. At present, the maximum human lifespan are about 115 years. In his speech, Professor Evans contrasts this figure to average lifespan, which varies considerably. Economically developing countries score well, with Japan and Iceland on the top of the league.
Differences in behaviour are known to effect average lifespan – giving up smoking, cutting down on alcohol, a sensitive diet and exercise regimes are all important. “There are still years to gain from changes in lifestyle and environment”, Professor Evans argues. 1............
2............
3............
4............
5............
6............
7............
8...........
9............
10..........
11..........
12..........
13..........
14..........
15..........

III. READING
Part 1 Read the text below and then decide which word best fits each space. The exercise begins with an example (0) (1. 5points)
NEREA DE CLIFFORD
Nerea De Clifford, who has died aged 82, was a doughty champion of British cats and a (0)……..B……. of The Cat Protection League which she (1)………..shortly after its foundation in 1927 and served as president from the 1970s until the time of her death.
Among her many (2)………….to welfare of cats-and to our knowledge of their ways-were the establishment of a sanctuary for them at New Malden, and the publication of such reports as What British Cats Think About Television, in which she noted that ‘most cats (3)……….an interest of some kind, though it is often of hostility; ‘a significant reaction is the display of excitement when any picture, especially of birds, moves quickly across the (4)……….
Nerea Elizabeth de Clifford was born in West London in 1905, and as a young woman was a distinguished (5)………of cats. During the Second World War she devoted herself to the rescue of cats, trapped in the rubble of the blitz, and (6)………………..to vigorous campaigns for free feline birth (7)…………
She (Cool…………an adoption scheme for which her “Homes Wanted” list contained some notably frank character (9)………..- “a little fiend in feline form”; “willing to do light mouse-work and very good at it, non-union”; “a rough old (10)………..”, and so on - and made a (11)…………..of feeding London’s cats at Christmas, a favourite repast apparently being fish and chips. She also plumbed the mysteries of why cats (12)…………- some because they have just murdered the Pekinese next door, others “for no good (13)………..at all.”
De Clifford was also a much respected (14)…………at cat shoes around the country, and gave a series of lecture tours at schools on the (15)……………and care of cats.

0. A post B pillar C staff D pole
1 A met B enrolled C joined D entered
2 A contributions B. donations C. gifts D. dedications
3 A make B give C show D have
4 A screen B box C film D view
5 A farmer B grower C trainer D breeder
6 A therein B thereby C thereafter D therefore
7 A control B check C limitation D restriction
8 A made B ran C held D gave
9 A sketches B drawings C pictures D paintings
10 A drifter B ranger C rover D stray
11 A rule B point C round D custom
12 A snore B hum C purr D rumble
13 A purpose B use C reason D point
14 A judge B referee C arbitrator D umpire
15 A coaching B guidance C training D preparation

Part 2 Read the following text and then choose from the list A-N the best phrase given below to fill each of the spaces. Each correct phrase may only be used once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all. (1.1 points)
A CASE OF MIND OVER MATTER
You’re lying on your mat. It’s the last ten minutes of your yoga class, meditation time. “Imagine you’re a fluffy white cloud”, says the teacher. Your tummy rumbles–dinner soon, what to have? “The sky is clear and blue …,Pasta? Chips? Chips. : You’re passing over a lake…” God, that woman’s snoring. How can I think (1)………………?
They say that yoga was brought o the West like an aeroplane without the wings – exercise (2)……………In fact, it’s worse than that because in the East the sole purpose of yoga is as preparation for seated meditation. Over here if you manage to find a form that includes meditation, such as hatha yoga, and a teacher who is capable of leading you properly, you probably won’t be able to do it. You’ll get distracted (3)……………….
I used to think my failure to meditate was (4)………………..that goes tick – tick – tick from morning to night but apparently that’s just part of the Western psyche. “There’s something about our minds,” says Nicola Temporal, (5)………….especially adapted for Western brains. “We want instant gratification and, if we don’t get it, we spiral off”
We’re conditioned to control rather than accept, (6)………….., and so the process of letting go and experiencing the moment, which is central to meditation, is hard for us. But meditation is particularly good for us.
At its simplest, meditation is about relaxation, (7)……………., but it has deeper rewards as well. Advocates talk about knowing themselves better, (Cool………..and intuitions, of being more at peace. Clear away some of the detritus and answers come more easily. “We live in our heads, which means we live (9)……………”, says Ms Temporal. “Meditation helps you access who you are, what you really want and (10)………………, and these things can help you live a more honest and more satisfying life”
Fantastic, but how on earth do you do it? How do you even begin (11)…………


A about having an over-active brain
B and so we find it difficult
C by other people’s expectations
D how we can master yoga
E of being more in touch with there instincts
F or fall asleep
G to switch your head off
H to think rather than to feel

I what your values are
J which can be hard for us to understand
K which provides endless health benefits
L who teaches meditation
M with her making that noise
N without the spiritual dimension


Your answers:

1.
2
3
4
5

6
7
8
9
10
11


Part 3 Read the passage and decide if the statements following it are True (T) or False (F) (1 point)
ELECTRIC FISH
The idea of a fish being able to generate electricity strong enough to light lamp bulbs - or even to run a small electric motor-is almost unbelievable, but several kinds of fish are able to do this. Even more strangely, this curious power has been acquired in different ways by fish belonging to very different families.
Perhaps the best known are the electric rays, or torpedoes, of which several kinds live in warm seas. They process on each side of the head, behind the eyes, a large organ consisting of a number of hexagonal shaped cells rather like a honeycomb. The cells are filled with a jelly-like substance, and contain a series of flat electric plates. One side, the negative side, of each plate, is supplied with very fine nerves, connected with a main nerve coming form a special part of the brain. Current passes from the upper, positive side of the organ downwards to the negative, lower side. Generally, it is necessary to touch the fish in two places, completing the circuit, in order to receive a shock.
The strength of this shock depends on the size of the fish, but newly born ones only about 5 centimetres across can be made to light the bulb of a pocket flashlight for a few moments, while a fully grown torpedo gives a shock capable of knocking a man down, and, if suitable wires are connected, will operate a small electric motor for several minutes.
Another famous example is the electric eel. This fish gives an even more powerful shock. The system is different from that of the torpedo in that the electric plates run longitudinally and are supplied with nerves from the spinal cord. Consequently, the current passes along the fish from head to tail. The electric organs of these fish are really altered muscles and like all muscles are apt to tire, so they are not able to produce electricity for very long, People in some parts of South America who value the electric eel as food, take advantage of this fact by driving horses into the water against which the fish discharge their electricity. The horses are less affected than a man would be, and when the electric eels have exhausted themselves, they can be caught without danger.
The electric catfish of the Nile and of other African fresh waters has a different system again by which current passes over the whole body from the tail to the head. The shock given by this arrangement is not so strong as the other two, but is none the less unpleasant. The electric catfish is a slow, lazy fish, fond of gloomy places and grows to about 1 metre long; it is eaten by the Arabs in some areas.
The power of producing electricity may serve these fish both for defence and attack. If a large enemy attacks, the shock will drive it away; but it appears that the catfish and the electric eel use their current most often against smaller fish, stunning them so that they can easily be overpowered.

1. Some fish produce enough electricity to drive electric motors.
2. Electric rays are likely to be found in the Arctic Ocean.
3. The torpedo’s electric cells are in its head.
4. Usually you will not get a shock by touching the electric ray in one place only.
5. Only adult electric rays can produce electricity.
6. Electric trays are not strong enough to attack human beings.
7. The electric eel gives an even more powerful shock than the torpedo.
8. The electric plates on the electric eel are supplied with nerves from its brain in the same way as those of the torpedo.
9. Men can withstand the shock of the electric eel less easily than horses can.
10. The shock of the electric catfish is more unpleasant than that of the torpedo or the electric eel.


Part 4 Read the text and answer the questions following it, choosing A, B, C or D. (0.4 point)
There are many different types of places to eat. One important question is who uses different places and how often they go. As sociologists, we are initially very interested in the social and cultural characteristics of people who behave differently. Such characteristics indicate the financial, social, practical and cultural forces systematically distributed across the population, which constrain or encourage people to engage in particular ways of eating out.
We asked respondents how often they ate out under different circumstances. Excluding holidays and eating at the workplace, on average the respondents to the survey ate a main meal out on commercial premises about once every three weeks. Twenty-one per cent eat out at least once a week, a further forty-four per cent at least monthly and only seven per cent claimed never to eat out. Mean frequency of eating at someone else’s home was about the same, but a much larger proportion (twenty per cent) never did so. Twenty per cent of respondents claimed never to eat in the home of other family members, and about one third never at the home of friends. Very regular eating out with either kin or friends was not very prevalent, but being a guest at a main meal in someone else’s home is part of the life experience of a large majority of the population. There is a strong positive association between being a guest of friends, guest of family and commercial eating out. Opportunities to eat out are cumulative, particularly eating out commercially and with friends.

1. What interests sociologists about the topic of eating out?
A The types of places that people choose to eat out in.
B The changes over time in patterns of eating out.
C The characteristics of people who choose to eat out.
D The frequency with which people eat out with friends.
2. Which of these statements is true, according to the text?
A People eat out more frequently at someone else’s home than in a restaurant.
B People eat out less frequently at someone else’s home than in a restaurant.
C People are more likely to eat out at a friend’s house than at the home of another family member.
D People are more likely to eat out at the home of another family member than at a friend’s house.
3. The study found that people who eat out in restaurants
A also eat out at friends’ houses.
B also go on holiday more.
C have a higher income than others.
D are not so close to their families.
4. What do you think the book that this extract comes from would be best entitled?
A Eating out
B Eating in restaurants
C Eating well
D 21st century eating

Your answers:
1.................... 2.................... 3.................. 4...................

IV. WRITING
Part 1 For each of the sentences below, write a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, but using the words in capital letter. 0 has been done as an example.

0. He’s tried as hard as he can.
BEST........He’s done his best.

1. Many species of wild life are threatened with extinction.
DANGER...................................................................................................
2. I don’t see any point in trying to save endangered species.
WORTH ..................................................................................
3. I regret shouting at him.
ONLY .....................................
4. They have narrowed the many applicants down to three.
SHORT..................................................................................
5. I’m not very keen on gold, I much prefer silver.
RATHER .......................................................................
6. He made an unsuccessful attempt to buy the company.
WITHOUT ...........................................................................
7. They disapprove of smoking in this restaurant.
FROWNED ..............................................................
8. We’ve been thinking about helping them for some time.
BACKING ................................................................................
9. Under no circumstances would I have missed the concert.
WORLD ......................................................................................
10. His memory gradually failed as he grew old.
OLDER .................................................................

Part 2 (2 points)
The pie charts below show the results of a survey of Sources of Air Pollution in two big cities in Britain - London and Manchester.
Write a report of about 150 words, describing the information shown in the two pie charts.




Part 3 (3 points) Write an essay (250 - 300 words) for a well-educated reader, expressing your opinion about the following topic:
What do you think is the biggest problem facing the current educational system of Vietnam? And what should be done to solve that problem?








KEYS AND MARKING SCALES
I. LISTENING
Part 1 (1.5 points)

1. Raoul
2. Raoul
3. Frank
4. Gemma
5. Frank
6. Gemma
7. Raoul
8. Frank
9. Gemma
10. Raoul


Part 2

1. T
2. F
3. F
4. F
5. T
6. T
7. F.
8. T
9. F
10.F

II. LEXICO-GRAMMAR
Part 1 (1 point)
1 B 2A 3C 4B 5D 6B 7A 8C 9D 10C

Part 2 (1 point)
1 were 2 had spent 3 was passing 4 waved 5 waved
6 calling 7 followed 8 was thrown 9 was picked
10 cannot stop

Part 3 (1 point)
1 industrialized 2 indifferent 3 inaudible 4 enforced 5 shoplifting
6 troublemakers 7 derailment 8 disused 9 distinguish 10 abuse

Part 4 (1.5 points)
1. from
2. in
3. in
4. with
5. of
6. with
7. on
8. behind
9. with
10. for
11. in
12. of
13. of
14. among
15. between


Part 5 (1 point)

1. 0
2. the
3. the
4. an
5. a
6. the
7. the
8. the
9. a
10.a


Part 6 (1.5 points)

1. generation  generations
2. in  at
3. annually  annual
4. Headmaster  Head
5. tells  will tell
6. what  how
7. medium  average
8. promise  promises
9. are  is
10. √ (correct)
11. developing  developed
12. on  at
13. effect  affect
14. sensitive  sensible
15. to gain  to be gained



III READING
Part 1 (1.5 points)
1. C
2. A
3. C
4. A
5. D
6. C
7. A
8. B
9. A
10. D
11. B
12. C
13. C
14. A
15. C

Part 2 (1.1 points)

1. M
2. N
3. F
4. A
5. L
6. H
7. K
8. E
9. C
10 I
11. G


Part 3 (1 point)

1. T
2. F
3. T
4. T
5. F
6. F
7. T
8. F
9. T
10. F


Part 4 (0.4 point)

1. C
2. D
3. A
4. A


IV. WRITING
Part 1 (1 point)
1. Many species of wild life are in danger of extinction.
2. It’s not worth trying to save endangered species.
3. If only I hadn’t shouted at him.
4. They have short – listed three applicants.
5. I’d rather have silver than gold.
6. He attempted to buy the company (but) without success.
7. Smoking is frowned upon in this restaurant.
8. We’ve been thinking about giving them our backing / backing them up for some time.
9. I wouldn’t have missed the concert for (all) the world.
10. The older he got, the more his memory failed him.

Part 2 (2 points)
Part 3 (3 points)

Suggestions for a holistic assessment of part 2 and 3
Candidates will get the full marks: 2 points for Part 2 and 3 points for Part 3 if their writings meet the following requirements:
- Ideas are adequate, fully relevant, interesting and original
- The ideas are well developed reflecting thought and originality
- Very well organized text
- Very fluent and appropriate use of the language for each of the two writing tasks; very few errors in grammar, spelling and punctuation; wide and appropriate vocabulary.

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