TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN KHTNĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
(Đề thi có 07 trang)
ĐỀ THI THỰC HÀNH TS ĐẠI HỌC NĂM 2011
Môn: TIẾNG ANH; Khối D
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mã đề thi 262
Họ, tên thí sinh: ..........................................................................
Số báo danh: ............................................................................
ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ QUESTION 1 ĐẾN QUESTION 80).
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 1 to 10.
Our biological clocks govern almost every aspect of our lives. Our sensitivity to stimuli (1)_______ over the course of the day, and our ability to perform certain functions is subject to fluctuations. Consequently, there is a peak time for tasks such as making decisions: around the middle of the day. Anything that (2)_______ physical co-ordination, on the other hand, is best attempted in the early evening. What is more, there is a dramatic drop in performance if these activities are (3)_______ out at other times. The risk of accident in afactory, for example, is 20% higher during the night (4)_______
Primitive humans lived their lives in tune with the daily cycle of light and dark. Today, we are firmly convinced that we can impose schedule on our lives at (5)_______ . Sooner or later, however, we pay a price for ignoring our natural rhythms. A good example is jet lag, caused when we confuse our body’s biological clocks by (6)_______ several time zones. People suffering from jet lag can take several days to (7)_______ to new time zones, and have a reduced ability to make decisions, which is a worrying thought, as serious errors of judgement can be made. And this may be just the (_______ of the iceberg. An increasing (9)_______ of people suffer from seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a form of depression that can be (10)_______ by living in artificial conditions. SAD can be serious, and sufferers may even need to take antidepressant drugs.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 11 to 17.
ENDANGERED ANIMAL SUCCESS STORIES 5
In 2006, the United States government declared May 11 to be Endangered Species Day. This day was created to encourage people to raise their awareness and understanding of the problem of endangered species. Indeed, the government has shown itself to be a true friend of endangered species. In 1973, the United States government passed into law the Endangered Species Act. Its three major goals were as follows: to protect plants and animals from extinction by listing them as endangered; to preserve the habitat of these species; and to help 10 populations of listed species recover. Today, we celebrate dozens of success stories of animals brought back from near extinction. Here are three such success stories.
It is fitting that we begin with the story of the bald eagle, the national symbol of the United States. Before the arrival of the Europeans in North America, it is estimated that the population of bald eagles in the United States, excluding Alaska, was about 100,000 birds. By 1963, the population had dropped to less than 15 1,000 individuals-an appalling trend. Hunting was certainly a major factor in this decline, as was the destruction of habitat, but another factor was a chemical used in the control of insects, DDT. It had a strange effect on the
eagles' eggs. It made their shells very thin so that they broke easily, and the baby birds inside were frail.
The single most important factor in the recovery of the bald eagle was a 1972 ban on DDT. Being listed as an endangered species gave the birds additional protection. Bald eagle populations are now carefully watched, 20 and baby eagles are raised under human protection to be later released into the wild. Thanks to these efforts, the number of eagles in the United States, excluding Alaska, has grown to about 14,000.
Another classic symbol of North American wildlife is the grizzly gear. In the era before the Europeans arrived, more than 50,000 grizzlies wandered the American West. Today that number is closer to 1,000. Because grizzly bears have babies at a very slow rate, it takes many years for the population to grow. 25
Most of the grizzly bears in the United States, excluding Alaska, live in the protection of Yellowstone and Glacier National Parks. Hunting them has been completely outlawed. As bear populations grow, it becomes very important to prevent encounters between humans and bears: 20 to 40 bears are killed each year in such encounters. Garbage management is an important factor in keeping bears away from humans.
In the Florida Keys, a chain of islands off the coast of Florida, there lives a small population of tiny deer 30 called Key deer. They once lived on a number of islands, but they have gradually been limited to mainly one. The Key deer very nearly died out-at one point there were only 25 remaining. In the past, hunting was a big problem. Recently, deer are rarely killed intentionally, but exploitation of their island's land for homes, roads, and tourism has destroyed much of their habitat. Automobiles also kill a number of deer each year.
The Key deer was one of the first animals to be listed as endangered. In 1957, a sanctuary was created for 35 the deer. There, a staff conducts health checks on them. Thanks to these efforts, their population has returned to about 500.
We hope that the government continues to be on the side of endangered species. Each unique species enriches our environment and is certainly worth protecting. By protecting endangered species, we also express our respect for the place in which we live. At the same time, we present a gift of great value to future generations 40 of people.
What was the author's main purpose in writing this passage?
A. to celebrate government successes in helping endangered animals
B. to instruct people in the United States about how to save animals
C. to point out the causes of animal endangerment
D. to encourage people to send money to help animals
What is NOT mentioned in the passage as a goal of the Endangered Species Act?
A. listing animals and plants as endangered
B. preserving plant and animal habitat
C. assisting endangered species populations to grow
D. creating national parks
What was the single most destructive factor for bald eagle populations?
B. loss of habitat
C. the use of DDT
D. the naturally slow rate of producing baby eagles
According to the passage, for which animal is garbage management important?
A. the bald eagle
B. the grizzly bear
C. the Key deer
D. all of the above
According to the passage, what kills a number of Key deer each year?
A. grizzly bears
B. bald eagles
What is today's population of Key deer?
C. about 1,000
D. about 14,000
According to the passage, why is it important to protect endangered species?
A. They enrich our environment.
B. It shows our respect for our environment.
C. We can leave a gift for future people.
D. all of the above
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet (18 – 22) to indicate the sentence that is the best-built from the prompts given
You/ get lost/ mountains/ take/ map
A. unless you should get lost in those mountains, you had better to take a map
B. In case you get lost in those mountains, you should take a map.
C. In case you get lost of those mountains, you ought to take a map.
D. If you don’t get lost in those mountains, you’d better take a map.
Students/ deserve/ severe/ punish/ riotous behavior.
A. The students deserve to be severely punishing for their riotous behavior.
B. The students were deserved severe punishment for their riotous behavior.
C. The students deserved to be severely punishment for their riotous behavior.
D. The students deserved severe punishment for their riotous behavior.
Switches/ turn off/ leave/ workshop.
A. All the switches must be turned off before leaving the workshop.
B. All the switches have got to be turned off before we leave the workshop.
C. All the switches have to be turned off before leaving the workshop.
D. We should be turned off all the switches before we leave the workshop.
His legs/ break/ crash/ manage/ car/ before/ explode.
A. Although his legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get into the car before it exploded.
B. Despite his legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get into the car before it exploded.
C. In spite of breaking legs in the crash, he managed to drive the car before it exploded.
D. Even though his legs were broken, he managed to get out of the car before it exploded.
None/ applicants/ command/ English
A. None of the applicants have good commanding for English.
B. None of the applicants had very good command to English.
C. None of the applicants have a good command of English.
D. None of the applicants had to command with English.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 23 to 30.
MODERN FASHION TRENDS
Fashions today are changing faster than ever, influenced by a variety of forces. Clearly, many of these changes are dictated by music-related cultural movements like hip-hop, boy bands, or grunge. The stars of these music genres are idolized, and their clothing choices directly influence the fashion of their fans who wish to imitate them. Another undeniable influence on what fashion is "cool" is technology. Technology that can be 5 worn is now and will become an ever more important part of the "look" of fashionable young people. There are many other trends, among them retro or vintage fashion, and so-called disposable fashion.
The hip-hop revolution of the 1970s and '80s brought a whole new look to our attention, a look for an American city culture that made a statement. Modern hip-hop clothes, however, are often produced by successful, big-name fashion designers, and are quite expensive. In fact, many hiphop artists such as Eminem, 10 Kanye West, and others have their own lines of hip-hop clothing. The essentials of the modern hip-hop look are gold chains, boots or kicks (slang for sneakers), a bandana tied around the head, often with a cap on top, and large T-shirts. The baggy look of decades gone by has been replaced by a look that includes polo shirts and tighter denim jeans.
Another trendy, cutting-edge movement in the world of fashion is technology you wear, and the blending 15 of technology with clothing. More and more, people are afraid to be without a cell phone, a computer, or Internet access at any time of the day or night. Wearable technology helps people keep those crucial connections to the
world open, while at the same time giving them a distinctive look. Clip-on MP3 players with headphones, "hands-free" phones and earpieces, and personal digital assistants (PDAs) are just a few of the ever more visible portable technology components that are part of the look. The ultimate in technology-friendly clothing, the solar-20 powered jacket can now provide the electricity needed to keep all these gadgets running.
The retro or vintage style of clothing brings trends from past decades back into style. Grunge was a style of music born in the Seattle area in the 1990s. Grunge fans stayed away from synthetic fabrics, preferring flannel shirts, stone-washed jeans, and rock T-shirts. They preferred dark colors like greens, dark purples, or browns. For footwear, grunge fans wore Dr. Martens-style shoes and boots or high-top sneakers. Although the grunge music 25 craze also ended in the '90s, a modern retro fashion trend is taking its cue from grunge-era clothing. Modern grunge fashion is similar in many ways, but it's much less baggy and sloppy than it was in the '90s.
H&M, a chain of Swedish clothing stores, is the name most often connected with the new trend in youth fashion known as disposable fashion. It's clothing so cheap that you don't mind buying it and wearing it only several times, perhaps, before discarding it. Disposable fashion is often brightly colored and stylish, but low in 30 price. The trend, which reportedly started in Japan, grew popular in Europe, and is taking root in America, shows no signs of slowing down.
What will the future of fashion look like? Well, technology is sure to remain a growing part of fashion, with ever smaller cell phones, computers, PDAs, and other wearable gadgets. All around the world, more people are wearing hip-hop fashions than ever before. No longer exclusive to urban youth or even the United States, hip-35 hop will remain a popular global fashion for years to come. Retro fashions from the '80s and '90s, including the grunge look, seem to be growing in popularity, and disposable fashion is a big hit that won't end soon. And, I'm sure that we will see new fashion surprises as music, fashion, and technology move forward together into the future.
What is the main purpose of the passage?
A. to explain why certain fashions are popular internationally
B. to show the best fashions to wear in order to look "cool"
C. to inform us about current and future fashion trends
D. to explain the history of certain fashion trends
Which fashion trend is NOT mentioned in the article?
D. business casual
According to paragraph 2, how has hip-hop changed?
A. Hip-hop clothes are now sold by big-name designers and are less baggy.
B. Boots used to be popular, but now kicks are worn.
C. Hip-hop moved from other countries to the United States.
D. The baggy hip-hop look has replaced tighter jeans and polo shirts.
What trend has been brought back by the retro style?
B. wearable technology
D. disposable fashion
Which fashion trend would most likely be the most popular with someone who didn't have much money to spend?
B. wearable technology
D. disposable fashion
Why might disposable fashion clothes not go well with the grunge look?
A. because disposable fashion is cheap
B. because grunge is from Seattle
C. because disposable fashion is often brightly colored
D. because the grunge music craze ended in the '90s
According to paragraph 6, which of the following is a likely future trend?
A. Wearable technology will involve smaller devices.
B. Hip-hop will become exclusive to the United States.
C. Retro fashions will go out of style.
D. Disposable fashions will increase in price.
What does the pronoun ‘them’ in line 5 refer to?
A. Fans B. choices C. genres D. stars
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
There are more than eighty-four million specimens in the National Museum of Natural
History’s collection of biological, geological, archeological and anthropology treasures.
After George Washington married widow Martha Custis, the couple comes to reside at
A B C D
It took the major over an hour explanation to the other members of the board why he
A B D
had missed the last meeting.
The National Basketball Association will not let any athlete to continue playing in the
league unless he submits voluntarily to treatment for drug addiction
The first postage stamp, issued on May 6th 1860 in England, it was the Penny Black,
A B C
which featured a profile of Queen Victoria
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 36: One .................of the scheme is the very high cost.
A. shortcoming B. shortage C. advantage D. drawback
Question 37: ..................with the size of the whole Earth, the highest mountains do not seem high at all.
A. Compare them B. A comparison C. If you compare D. When compared
Question 38: She .......................her success to hard work.
A. prescribed B. described C. subscribed D. ascribed
Question 39: The secretary apologized ..................waiting so long.
A. to me for B. for me C. for me keeping D. for keeping me
Question 40: No sooner _____ the house than the phone started to ring.
A. had she entered B. she had entered C. entered she D. had entered she
Question 41: Lucy was late for school this morning because the alarm didn't ................as usual.
A. take off B. go off C. get off D. ring off
Question 42: Although some people earn a lot of money, they are not................with their lives.
A. pleasant B. concerned C. satisfy D. contented
Question 43: The robbers were...............to two years' imprisonment.
A. sent B. sentenced C. allowed D. given
Question 44: . We .............Catherine yesterday when we were shopping.
A. came across B. ran to C. bumped into D. fell into
Question 45: . Have you considered ..................for that position of sales manager?
A. to apply B. apply C. to be apply D. applying
Question 46: Tim looks so frightened and upset. He .................something terrible.
A. must have experienced B. should have experienced
C. can have experienced D. must experience
Question 47: I really can't ....................the twins apart. They look so alike.
A. take B. talk C. tell D. say
Question 48: . ....................did Arthur realize there was danger.
A. Upon entering the store. B. When he entered the store.
C. Only after entering the store. D. After he had entered the store.
Question 49: . It is very important for a firm or a company to...................changes in the market.
A. keep tract with B. keep in touch with C. keep pace with D. keep pace of
Question 50: I agree with most of what you said, but I can't .........your idea of letting children leave school at 14.
A. go along with B. keep up with C. catch up with D. put up with
Question 51: I don't think she can get her message .............to the students. She seems too nervous.
A. across B. around C. over D. out
Question 52: . There are insufficient .................left to pay medical aid.
A. stores B. accounts C. funds D. numbers
Question 53: . I don't like people who tend to ................other people's kindness.
A. take advantage B. take advantage in C. take advantages of D. take advantage of
Question 54: .....................range in color from pale yellow to bright orange.
A. Canaries that B. Canaries which C. That canaries D. Canaries
Question 55: He would certainly have attended the party .......................................
A. had the tyre not flattened itself. B. if he didn't get a flat tyre.
C. if the flat tyre hadn't happened. D. had he not had a flat tyre.
Question 56: Bats avoids ...............objects by emitting high-frequency sounds and listening for echoes.
A. to run onto B. to run into C. running onto D. running into
Question 57: When I told the doctor that I had had earache for nearly a month, he gave me a ..........for ear-drops.
A. receipt B. recipe C. ticket D. prescription
Question 58: You look tired. .....................hard all day?
A. Do you work B. Have you been working C. Did you work D. Are you working
Question 59: ...............in this national park declined from a few thousand to a few hundred in ten years.
A. A number of tigers B. For a number of tigers
C. That the number of tigers D. The number of tigers
Question 60: ………………, he would have been able to pass the exam.
A. If he studied more B. If he were studying more
C. Studying more D. Had he studied more
Question 61: The proposed……………..of Micro Industries and SJ Electronics would make the new company the largest electronics firm in Britain/
A. combination B. merger C. fusion D. mixture
Question 62: Of the two new teachers, one is experienced and……………
A. the others are not B. the other is not
C. another is inexperienced D. other lacks experience
Question 63: ………….is a general category that includes all mental states and activities.
A. What do psychologists call cognition B. Psychologists call it cognition
C. What psychologists call cognition D. Cognition, as it called by psychologists, which
Question 64: I don’t want lots excuses, I just want to hear the…………..truth.
A. clear B. plain C. pure D. right
Question 65: ……………the phone rang later that night did Ann remember the appointment.
A. Not only B. No sooner C. Only D. Just before
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences.
Question 66: It is sad, but unemployment is unlikely to go down this year.
A. Sad as is it, unemployment is unlikely to go down this year
B. Sad as it is, unemployment is unlikely to go down this year
C. Sad like it is, unemployment is unlikely to go down this year
D. How sad as it is, unemployment is unlikely to go down this year
Question 67: It is believed that the man escaped in a stolen car.
A. The man was believed to have escaped in a stolen car.
B. The man is believed that to have escaped in a stolen car.
C. The man is believed to have escaped in a stolen car.
D. The man is believed have escaped in a stolen car.
Question 68: Since we had nothing else to do, we decided to go for a walk.
A. Having nothing to do, we decided to go for a walk.
B. Have nothing else to do, we decided to go for a walk.
C. Since having nothing else to do, we decided to go for a walk.
D. Because having nothing else to do, we decided to go for a walk.
Question 69: I couldn’t concentrate fully because of the noise from the machine.
A. The machine was so noisy, that made me unable to concentrate fully.
B. The noise made machine stopped me to concentrate fully.
C. The noise machine prevented my concentrate fully.
D. The noise from the machine made it hard for me to concentrate fully.
Question 70: If only I had not met you.
A. I wish I had met you
B. I regret to meet you.
C. I hoped I would not meet you.
D. I regret meeting you
Question 71: He decided not to go to university and went to work in a restaurant.
A. Despite of going to university he went to work in a restaurant.
B. He went to work in a restaurant instead of going to university.
C. Instead of going to university, he went to work in a restaurant.
D. He decided to go to work in a restaurant because he liked it.
Question 72: The workers only complain because of their unfair treatment.
A. Were the workers fairly treated, they wouldn’t complain.
B. The workers complain because their employees are unfair.
C. If the workers are treated fairly, they will not complain.
D. Are the workers treated fairly, they will not complain.
Question 73: I expect you were fully satisfied with the results by the end of the display.
A. By the end of the display you must have been fully satisfied.
B. You must be completely satisfied with the results by the end of the display.
C. By the end of the display you must have been quite happy.
D. You were fully satisfied when the display came to an end.
Question 74: The next door neighbor is a singer and he often comes back home very late at night.
A. The next door neighbor, a singer, used to come home very late at night.
B. As a singer, the next door can come home very late at night.
C. The next door neighbor who is a singer often comes very late at night.
D. The next door neighbor often comes home very late at night is a singer.
Question 75: In the hope finding the money they didn’t call the police.
A. They found the money, so there was no need to call the police.
B. They thought they might find the money, so the police weren’t called.
C. They knew they would find the money, so they didn’t call the police
D. If they found the money or not, they wouldn’t call the police.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
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